Although critically endangered in the wild, these small, slow-growing palms are not uncommon garden trees in tropical regions. Their bottle-shaped trunk looks similar to a caudex but does not hold large quantities of water.
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bottle Plam)
Hardiness Zones: 10-11, frost tender
Height: to 6 meters (20 feet) tall
Diameter:to 6 meters (20 feet) in diameter at maturity
Growth Rate: slow
Root System: fibrous
Tolerates: very salt tolerant, minimal drought once mature, powerful winds (including hurricanes)
Problems (major): Temperatures below 0 Celsius (32 Fahrenheit) fatal
Problems (minor): slow growth
Soil requirements: prefers nutrient-rich, sandy/light, well-drained soils, prefers triannual fertilizers
Air requirements: tolerant of salt spray from oceans
Watering requirement: moderate
Sun requirement: full sun or partial shade (preferred)
Leaves: 4-8 pinnate, feather-like, to 3 meters (10 feet) long, leaflets to 0.6 meters (2 feet) wide
Flowers: small, round, white
Fruits: spherical, initially green, black when mature
Seeds require stratification: no
Trunk: bottle-shaped, swollen, smooth, gray
Form: bottle-shaped with usually 6 leaves at any one time
These were nearly driven to extinction from their native range (Round Island) in the Indian Ocean.
These are usually grown as ornamental garden plants.
Form when young (at Missouri Botanical Garden orchid show)
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