Zamioculcas zamiifolia

An extraordinarily shade, drought, disease, and pest tolerant houseplant, ZZ Plants are slow-growing perennials that grow without stems. They spread by rhizomes after many months and re-root fairly easily.

Zamioculcas zamiifolia (ZZ Plant, Arum Fern, Aroid Palm, Cardboard Palm)
Deciduous: no
Hardiness Zones: 9-10, keep in 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer
Height: 0.6-0.9 meters (2-3 feet) tall
Diameter: 0.6-0.9 meters (2-3 feet) wide
Growth Rate: slow
Age: perennial
Root System: rhizomatous
Family: Araceae
Subspecies: ‘ZZ’
Tolerates: drought (in very low light levels may go without water for a few months), shade (extremely tolerant), no known insect/disease problems (highly tolerant)
Problems (major): wet soils sometimes fatal
Problems (minor): none
Poisonous: toxic to ingest
Soil requirements: prefers somewhat moist, nutrient-rich, medium/loamy soils
Air requirements: prefers humidity above fifty (50) percent
Watering requirement: low, allow soil to dry out between watering
Sun requirement: partial shade to full shade
Leaf shape: pinnately compound, opposite, 6-8 leaves per petiole
Leaf size: to 15 centimeters (6 inches) long
Flower structure: inflorescence with a green spathe, cream-white tiny flowers on spadix
Flowering frequency: uncommon indoors
Subterranean storage organ: rhizome
Annual/Biennial/Perennial: perennial
Monocot/Dicot: monocot
Monoecious/Dioecious: monoecious (inflorescences have male and female flowers)
Notable characteristics:
The ZZ Plant resembles cycads (specifically the Cardboard Cycad, Zamia furfuracea) more than some aroids, hence some of its common names.

These are becoming increasingly common houseplants due to their many resistances and glossy foliage.
Sources used:

All of the images provided were taken by me. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.


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