Magnolia liliiflora (Tulip Magnolia)

Tulip Magnolias are small, slow-growing deciduous trees with magnificent fuchsia and white flowers emerging in April.

Magnolia liliiflora (Tulip Magnolia)
Deciduous: yes
Hardiness Zones: 4-8
Height: 2.4-3.6 meters (8-12 feet) tall
Diameter: 2.4-3.6 meters (8-12 feet) wide
Growth Rate: slow
Age: reaches maximum height around 20 years old, persists to 40 years old
Root System: shallow, fleshy
Family: Magnoliaceae
Subspecies: ‘Nigra’, ‘Rosea’, ‘Susan’, ‘Gracilis’

Tolerates: heavy/clay soils
Problems (major): none
Problems (minor): powdery mildew, leaf spots, anthracnose, canker, dieback, weevils, snails, thrips, scale, strong winds, intense summer heat
Poisonous: no

Soil requirements: prefers nutrient rich, acidic, well-drained soils; tolerates light/sandy, medium/loamy, heavy/clay soils
Air requirements: tolerates some air pollution
Watering requirement: moderate
Sun requirement: full sun to partial shade

Leaves: ovular, light green, to 15 centimeters (6 inches) long by 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide
Flowers: pretty, lavender or fuchsia and white, 6 upward curving petals, to 13 centimeters (5 inches) wide
Flowering frequency: blooms mostly in April, some flowers in early summer
Fruits: to 3 centimeters (1 inch) long, bright red
Seeds require stratification: yes
Monoecious or Dioecious: monoecious

Notable characteristics:
The flowers appear around 4 weeks later than other Magnolia trees. The buds are fuzzy, grayish, and split off once the flower emerges.

Uses:
These are grown as small trees or bushes for their very beautiful flowers. These are primarily grown for aesthetic appeal.

Sources used:

1 
A
 mature flowering tree

2 
An immature seed pod

3 
Multiple flowers
4 
One flower

5 
Foliage and flowers 

6 
Flowers in Seattle, WA

7 
Foliage and a seed pod

mag_bud_1 mag_bud_2 
Opening buds

magnolia_flow_2

All of the images provided were taken by me. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.

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