Magnolia liliiflora (Tulip Magnolia)

Tulip Magnolias are small, slow-growing deciduous trees with magnificent fuchsia and white flowers emerging in April.

Magnolia liliiflora (Tulip Magnolia)
Deciduous: yes
Hardiness Zones: 4-8
Height: 2.4-3.6 meters (8-12 feet) tall
Diameter: 2.4-3.6 meters (8-12 feet) wide
Growth Rate: slow
Age: reaches maximum height around 20 years old, persists to 40 years old
Root System: shallow, fleshy
Family: Magnoliaceae
Subspecies: ‘Nigra’, ‘Rosea’, ‘Susan’, ‘Gracilis’

Tolerates: heavy/clay soils
Problems (major): none
Problems (minor): powdery mildew, leaf spots, anthracnose, canker, dieback, weevils, snails, thrips, scale, strong winds, intense summer heat
Poisonous: no

Soil requirements: prefers nutrient rich, acidic, well-drained soils; tolerates light/sandy, medium/loamy, heavy/clay soils
Air requirements: tolerates some air pollution
Watering requirement: moderate
Sun requirement: full sun to partial shade

Leaves: ovular, light green, to 15 centimeters (6 inches) long by 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide
Flowers: pretty, lavender or fuchsia and white, 6 upward curving petals, to 13 centimeters (5 inches) wide
Flowering frequency: blooms mostly in April, some flowers in early summer
Fruits: to 3 centimeters (1 inch) long, bright red
Seeds require stratification: yes
Monoecious or Dioecious: monoecious

Notable characteristics:
The flowers appear around 4 weeks later than other Magnolia trees. The buds are fuzzy, grayish, and split off once the flower emerges.

These are grown as small trees or bushes for their very beautiful flowers. These are primarily grown for aesthetic appeal.

Sources used:

 mature flowering tree

An immature seed pod

Multiple flowers
One flower

Foliage and flowers 

Flowers in Seattle, WA

Foliage and a seed pod

mag_bud_1 mag_bud_2 
Opening buds


All of the images provided were taken by me. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.


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