The hardiest of any cyclamen, Persian violets bloom in winter. The foliage appears in autumn and typically persists until spring, after which it enters its dormancy period. The foliage is ivy-shaped, dark green, and attractive. The flowers range from white to lavender to pink.
Cyclamen hederifolium (Persian violet) [sometimes Cyclamen neapolitanum]
Deciduous: yes, loses all foliage and flowers during the hot summer months
Hardiness Zones: 5-9
Height: 3-6 inches tall
Diameter: 6-12 inch spread
Growth Rate: moderate to fast during autumn, goes into toal dormancy during summer
Age: perennial, achieves maximum size anywhere from 5 to 10 years of age
Root System: small, consists mostly of an elliptical corm
Subspecies: var. hederifolium forma hederifolium (purple flowers), var. hederifolium forma albiflorum (all-white flowers)
Tolerates: dry soil, drought
Problems (major): Improper watering leads to root rot, which is frequently fatal. It is very easy to overwater, so care must be taken with cyclamen.
Problems (minor): Squirrels and other mischievous critters may attempt to harvest the corms.
Poisonous: toxic if ingested
Soil requirements: dry to medium wet, well-drained soils
Air requirements: doesn’t require as much humidity as other cyclamen
Watering requirement: dry to moderate
Sun requirement: part-shade required
Leaf shape: ovate at the base, becoming sharply pointed, appear similar to aspen/birch leaves, ivy-shaped, typically gray-green to dark-green (more so in the centers)
Leaf size: up to 7 centimeters (3 inches) long
Flower structure: mottled with “swept-back petals”, pink-lavender-white flowers, light brown flower stalks up to 15 centimeters (6 inches) tall
Flowering frequency: September-October
Bulb/tuber: small elliptical (donut shaped) corms sensitive to moisture
Self-seeds once established. Flowers in autumn, and keeps it’s foliage mostly in winter.
Sometimes grown as an ornamental as it is the hardiest and easiest to grow of the cyclamen genus.
Several white-lavender cyclamen in Dublin (uploaded 23 October 2008, © 2008, Pilise Gábor)
I do not own the rights of these images; all credit goes to its original creator(s).