These strawberries commonly grow in forested areas and can be easily identified by their unique, ruffled, three-leaflet leaves.
Fragaria vesca (Wild Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry)
Deciduous: in colder climates, yes (evergreen in warmer areas)
Hardiness Zones: 5-9
Height: 6-20 centimeters (3-9 inches) tall
Diameter: Spreads 23-30 centimeters (9-12 inches) typically “per plant”; the stolons (horizontal runners) can create new “plants” and go on indefinitely in theory.
Growth Rate: slow initially, quickly accelerates once established
Root System: Highly localized underneath leaves, the roots delve only a few inches into the soil. Medicinally, the roots have been used as diuretics (do not use any part of the plant for any medicinal purposes, contact your doctor and get a professional answer first).
Subspecies: ‘Alexandra’, ‘Americana’, ‘Bracteata’ (occasionally produces only female plants), ‘Californica’, ‘Vesca’, ‘Semperflorens’
Tolerates: deer, partial shade
Problems (major): Fungal diseases (anthracnose, leaf spots, rots,wilts, powdery mildew, blights)
Problems (minor): Spider mites and aphids (F. vesca quickly gains resistance to these, though), leaf scorch sometimes occurs in bright, scorching summers.
Poisonous: no known toxins, fruits edible
Soil requirements: prefers humusy, well-drained soils, non-extreme pH values (sandy, loamy, and clay soils acceptable)
Air Requirements: not sufficiently researched
Watering requirement: medium
Sun requirement: prefers full sun, part-shade tolerated
Leaf size: Leaves are 1-7 centimeters (0.5-3.0 inches) long and 1-7 centimeters (0.5-3.0 inches) wide
Leaf shape: basal, palmatly trifoliate leaflets
Stem length: lack stems, petioles from 1-18 centimeters (0.5-7.0 inches) long
Stem width: petioles thin, no more than 1 centimeter (0.5 inches) in width
Other stem qualities: The petioles are light green and form crowns (“new plants”, genetically identical to the “parent’) from stolons.
Flowering structure: Flowers have five white petals with yellow pistils and stamens (in the center of the flower). Flowers are considered “perfect”, meaning that they have both male and female reproductive organs. F. vesca ‘Bracteata’, however, sometimes produces only female plants (this varietie is gynodioecious).
Flowering frequency: F. vesca typically blooms from February to May in warm climates (usually blooms from May until August in colder areas). Flowers and fruits frequently grow side by side.
Fruits: Likely distributed by birds and other animals. Seeds tend to germinate in areas with moist soil and part-shade. Stratification increases the odds of seeds germinating. The strawberry fruits are roughly 15 millimeters in diameter.
Propagation methods: Stolons (horizontal runners) can be easily offset to produce “new plants” (called “vegetative reproduction”, asexual reproduction).
Strawberries are familiar garden plants typically known for their edible aggregate fruits.
These are sometimes grown for their edible fruits or for other ornamental purposes in mass.
All of the images provided were taken by me. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.