I’ve always been fond of daffodils. Maybe this is because they were the first flowering perennials I observed in cultivation (I noticed them around my school last spring and soon discovered what they were). I was pretty amazed that they survived the American Midwest’s crazy weather, and I caught myself spying on these small yellow flowers pretty frequently. Now that they are emerging once more, I decided that they deserved recognition as one of the earliest growing perennials to appear in spring.
Narcissus ‘Intrigue’ (Jonquilla daffodil, Daffodil)
Deciduous: yes (dies back in winter, sprouts very early in spring)
Hardiness Zones: 3-8
Height: to 30 centimeters (12 inches) tall
Diameter: to 23 centimeters (9 inches) across
Growth Rate: fast in early spring
Root System: rather small, forms close to the bulb
Subspecies: hybrid ‘Intrigue’
Tolerates: drought, herbivores (rabbit, deer)
Problems (major): root rot in poorly drained soils
Problems (minor): Slugs, snails, bulb scale mites, narcissus bulb flies, narcissus basal rot, and narcissus nematodes, narcissus yellow stripe virus (serious but rare), all uncommon
Poisonous: toxic alkaloids, such as lycorine (most highly concentrated in the bulbs) toxic to dogs, cats, and horses
Soil requirements: good drainage essential, prefers somewhat moist soil with space to spread
Air Requirements: not sufficiently researched
Watering requirement: medium
Sun requirement: full-sun to part-shade
Leaf structure: simple, light to forest green, vertical (sometimes growing diagonally from bulb)
Flowering structure: bisexual yellow-cream-white flowers with six petals (in sets of 3) and a trumpet-shaped center
Flowering frequency: annually in early spring
Subterranean storage organ: bulb
While the flowers start off yellow, they whiten as they mature. Daffodils are some of, if not, the earliest angiosperms to flower in spring. They typically awaken from their dormancy in late March near Chicago.
These are most frequently planted for their unique and beautiful flowers, which bloom every year before most other spring flowers.
- http://daffseek.org/ (an enormous database for every type of daffodil)
All of the images provided were taken by me. They may be used for educational/informational purposes only, provided that this article/online journal is appropriately cited first.